For many years, blockchain experts and activists in China have been talking about second-tier solutions as a solution to various blockchain problems. The purpose of implementing second layer solutions is to solve the problem of scalability, speed and also high energy consumption in this blockchain; But can these solutions improve the state of a blockchain like Atrium, or is the truth something else? Although the issue of second-tier solutions is popular, there are critics who question this claim, arguing that second-tier solutions cannot solve the problems faced by networks like Atrium. But what do the decisions of the second layer point to?
In general, a set of solutions offered outside the blockchain, designed to increase the speed, efficiency and scalability of the network, is called a second layer solution. Various networks, such as Atrium, require Layer 2 solutions, and several solutions have been proposed to date, such as Plasma, Sidechains, State Channels and Rollups. It should be noted that when starting solutions on the second layer, a large part of the network load is transferred from the first layer, ie. the core network, beyond it and this problem causes some blockchain problems to be solved or modified.
We read several articles in support of the second layer solution; But this time in a note from a user named Oxjim On the Medium website, we discuss a critical approach to Atrium’s second-tier solutions and seek to answer the question “Can second-tier solutions improve Atrium?”
Layer 2 solutions have been proposed to solve the problem of the very high cost of Atrium’s gas network and are expected to solve the problem of network congestion forever. As the price of atrium gas skyrocketed due to this overcrowding, many argue that second-tier solutions may be the solution; The magic wand that solves the annoying problem of atrial fibrillation forever.
Read more: What is gas in the atrium?
Honestly, until a few weeks ago, I thought that when using second-tier solutions in Atrium transactions, Atrium would get rid of its problems forever and become a flawless platform.
But as I read more about second-level solutions and talked to several people on Twitter and Discord, I gradually realized that although Atrium desperately needed these solutions, they in turn had potential ambiguities and problems; Problems that could prevent the network from achieving its vision of becoming a global supercomputer.
Overall, the second-tier solutions are on track, and although the process of finalizing Atrium 2.0 is underway, we still need these solutions. The power output and speed provided by these solutions will not be possible even in the first layer of Atrium 2.0.
But the problem is that these solutions are not perfect. Maybe that’s why there are several solutions, such as plasma, side chains and payment channels, for atrium scalability.
Here are some potential issues and unanswered questions I encountered about Level 2 scalability solutions.
In my opinion, the real strength and power of decentralized finance (DeFi) lies in the ability to cooperate or interact; A theme that stems from his open source technology. Personally, I think the interaction feature is the most powerful part of Defy. Yes; Funding without barriers or freedom is an exceptional topic; Because it provides consumers with fair and unique access. That is exactly what about 2 billion people in the world do not have.
Read more: What is DeFi or Decentralized Finance?
It is a great feat that after the advent of Web 2.0, people have been able to take control of their finances, data and assets through intermediaries such as banks.
But I think adding another layer focused on interaction can be a winning solution. This will create completely new and unprecedented products that will completely change our view of finance.
In my subconscious I see Defy as the internet in the 90’s, as an endless web of innovation; A network that managed to create companies we never thought possible.
By implementing solutions of the second layer This is possible, Interoperability, limited or completely eliminated; Because currently none of the solutions of the second layer interact with each other.
In other words, the decentralized applications (DApp) in the second layer cannot easily communicate with other applications in this layer. This problem undermines the strength of interaction in this area.
In the first layer, the transaction can interact with several other diff protocols to create a completely new financial product; But in the second layer, this transaction can only interact with security protocols that are in their chain or blockchain.
For example, Aave is in the Polygon block and Uniswap is in Optimism; Therefore, it is not possible to create a transaction that invokes both smart contracts, namely Swap and Unity Swap. As a result of this scattering, the ability to interact is reduced and the magical power of protection is greatly reduced.
Of course, this problem can be solved by using an interactive layer like Paligan, which seeks to connect all the solutions of the second layer in a standard framework; However, there is a long way to go to build all these solutions based on the Paligan platform and standards.
One of the reasons for the fragmentation of decentralized applications in the second layer of the various networks is that their liquidity is also fragmented. Liquidity is important in all financial markets; Because it creates a strong market in which buyers and sellers meet in the open market and exchange goods, compromising on offer prices without hesitation.
Currently, most of the liquidity is in the Atrium China block and healthy and liquid markets have been created for all financial products and tokens on this platform; But as we move to the second level, we will see that current liquidity will be divided between the first level and other scalable solutions, rather than concentrated in the atrium.
Finally, as we approach the final stages of building a multi-chain world based on second-tier solutions in the Atrium network, significant differences arise between each of the second tier to interact more with Difai.
We will definitely see several bridges between the second level solutions. Of course, due to the current situation, we are expected to spend a lot of time moving capital between these decisions. Accordingly, we should expect one or more accounts for each of the second tier chains. On the other hand, tracking funds between these projects will also be a concern in terms of the user experience.
Suppose we have an AAVE token in Paligan and we want to exchange it with the UNI token using the UniSwap platform in Optimism.
First we need to take our AAVE token from Paligan and return it to the atrium and transfer it back from the atrium of the first layer to Optimism. The harvesting process will also be long; Since the Paligan harvest takes about 15 minutes, and the optimism is due to the use of optimistic winding, the transfer time will be one to two weeks.
I believe that the Atrium community is a strong group that can overcome these problems. The issues raised are also solvable, and most issues are likely to be resolved soon after all second-level scalability solutions are available. When the powerful, practical and user-friendly solutions are finally implemented, we will see integration in the second level.
I hope that eventually a strong interactive protocol will emerge between these solutions in order to preserve the nature of interaction and liquidity. It doesn’t matter how this is achieved; Through the Paligan frame or the steps between the second layers.
Anthony Sasano, founder of EthHub, describes the current situation appropriately. He says:
You can think of what is currently happening in the Layer 2 ecosystem as a stage of acceptance and innovation; The stage where many different solutions are tested and tested at the same time. Certainly not all of them will succeed in the long run. I do not know that there is only one solution that can be used in the debate on scalability Victorious Be. As I mentioned, each scalable solution has its own characteristics, assumptions, commonalities and strengths and weaknesses. Some are convenient for the payment process, others are compatible with the Atrium Virtual Machine (EVM), and some offer greater scalability in exchange for decentralization.
Atrium Layer 2 Post Solutions; The critic’s point of view first appeared in Digital Currency.